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Electronics Example

Electronics Example

A consumer electronics manufacturer with facilities in Los Angeles ships mixed loads of PCs, printers and monitors to Regional Distributors located throughout the country. The manufacturer operates a fleet of tractor trailers having DASH 7 equipment. A DASH network is installed at the manufacturer’s warehouse and yard facilities for automated fleet management and (inbound and outbound) logistics security. The trucks in the fleet are also linked to Cellular networks for operational and nationwide fleet tacking purposes. The manufacturer has 24/7 fleet visibility.

On one particular run the manufacturer drops off a number of pallets at different locations before arriving at a final desitination situated in Oklahoma City, 1381 miles away. The exemplary load utilizes 60 pallets to transport 9,720 individual products, collectively worth $2.9 million. There are five stops in this scenario. At each stop the manufacturer recovers empty pallets for reverse logistics back to Los Angeles. When the pallets are delivered to the their parties, the DASH systems are disabled and the pallet is placed into an electronic standby low power mode. The receiving distribution has the option to enable RFID, Wireless or other sensor options for the duration of their use and custody of the pallet.

The pallet DASH Option is enabled in each pallet so that the pallets can interface within manufacturer’s DASH network. At each leg of the journey the DASH system is accessed to ensure the correct pallet is delivered at the right locations. A display in the truck provides a list of what is being delivered or returned at each stop to avoid driver error or miscommunication. The DASH system conducts on-demand inventory reconciliation at each stop to maintain an e-pedigree. The DASH option integrates into truck fleet communications systems, which can substitute for other electronic equipment in the pallet. The DASH option cost $1.15 for each pallet for each time it is used in a trip. The shipping managers pre-configures five DASH events for the present logistics undertaking. The cost is $345 for 60 pallets.

A portion of the higher value goods loaded on the pallets are themselves tagged with RFID EPC tags for item identification and security in retail settings. The EPC SSCC option is enabled, allowing the manufacturer to record the mixed bill of material on each pallet electronically. This information is linked to the DASH network. When the pallet is received at the destination the receiver employs EPC RFID network infrastructures to manage the inventory. All the products placed on the pallet at the manufacturers distribution facility are recorded in the pallet’ s rewritable RFID SSCC tags. Using the pallet’s on-board SSCC tag is less expensive and more robust than a passive slap & ship RFID shipping label costing $1.15 which is only thrown out at the end. A DASH to EPC hand-off occurs in the process. The cost of the EPC RFID Option is $102.

The UHF Reader/Writer option is enabled so that an on-demand inventory of EPC tags can be conducted if indications of potential risk are sensed. The UHF Reader/Writer option is turned on by the shipping manager to read the EPC RFID tags on the products two times in their journey from CA to OK. This option costs $78.

The impact/movement sensor is also enabled to record the conditions of travel and handling experienced by the pallet. Sensors can tell if the product packaging is damaged or stolen. The cost to enable the sensors is $28.8.

All together in this scenario the consumer electronics manufactures uses the pallets on average 18 days. The cost to electronically track, monitor, manifest and report the circumstances for 60 pallet loads delivering $2.9 million dollars of at risk product is $553.80, or $9.23 per pallet. This works out to +/- $0.06 per package.


The electronics in the pallet utilize power constantly. The G2 Pallet has a ten year 30,000 mAh battery supply and a power generator for recharging. The power supply system is expected to survive 250 trips based upon a demand on power necessary to implement the Fast Track application, which GoTo uses to track and marshal its pallets for industry for up to ten years. Approximately 2/3s or 20,000 mAh of power supply remains and is available for a shipper’s user-defined requirement in the Fast Fix App. This works out to 80 mAh per average trip in the price structure.

For this reason, a battery consumption Tally Button is presented at the bottom of the configuration page of the Dashboard of the Fast Fix App. If the power budget is exceeded a surcharge is applied. This allows the shipping manager to reconfigure the Options Settings.


The electronics in the pallet use the Fast Track App to document the distances traveled by each pallet during their lifetime. A plastic pallet weighing 50 pounds is less carbon intensive than a wood pallet weighing 76 pounds. The transportation efficiency of plastic pallets can be calculated when they replace wood pallet to move goods from one location to another. In aggregate, millions of tonnes of Co2 emissions would be omitted if today’s pool of wood pallets were replaced with plastic pallets. The transportation efficiency of plastic pallets can be monetized by those companies that use the G2 Pallet.

Category Disable Enable Fee Freq. Miles Trip Duration/Hrs   Cost
RFID Options
(ISO 18000)
          Theft – 18 days    
EPC GRAI   60 free   1383 432    
EPC SSCC   60 0.85 2 1383 432   102
NFC   60 free   1383 432    
DASH   60 1.15 5 1383 432   345
UHF Reader/Writer   60 0.65 2 1383 432   78
RFID Options (IEEE 802.n)                
WiFi (RTLS) 60   0.18   1383 432   0
Bluetooth 60   0.07   1383 432   0
Zigbee 60   0.04   1383 432   0
Cellular Options                
GSM 60   1.25   1383 432   0
CDMA 60   1   1383 432   0
Temperature 60   0.05   1381 432   0
Geofence 60   0.65   1381 432   0
CO2 60   0.04   1381 432   0
Impact/movement   60 0.03 16 1381 432   28.8
Etc…. 60   0.04   1381 432   0
Pallet Rental Fee:               $9.23
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